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Sunday, February 26, 2012

How To Purify Water For Outdoor Survival In An Emergency

How To Purify Water For Outdoor Survival In An Emergency

We are used to the luxury of walking over to the sink and having safe water at our fingertips fresh from the tap, but in the wild, water is not generally safe for drinking.  Because water is seldom pure, it is essential to know how to purify water for outdoor survival in an emergency.

If you are not absolutely certain that the water is safe, you must purify it.  Clean water is crucial to good health and survival.  Water that is polluted can contain microorganisms that can cause serious illness.  Viruses and bacteria can really take there toll on someone out in the wilderness.  Stomach issues are not pleasant in the comfort of home, let alone out in the wild.  Do what you can to protect yourself.

Chemical pollutants are also a concern in some areas.  Such chemicals are often herbicides or pesticides from farming industries.  This form of polution is another problem that we cannot see in the water.

There are three main ways to purify water.  Filtration is one method for cleaning water that removes the visible particles in the water.  Your sock or T-shirt can become a filter or strainer to remove dirt and debris from the water.  A filtering water bottle can be a useful tool for an outdoor survival kit.  Do remember that filtering water is not the same as purifying water.

Boiling is a safe way to remove harmful microorganisms.  Boiling water does not remove chemical pollutants from the water.  Water must boil rapidly for just a few minutes to be safe, but in some cases, this method is not practical.  If you are able to create a fire, you may be able to boil the water sufficiently for safety.

Many outdoor survival kits include iodine or purification tablets to purify water and make it safe for consumption.  Check the contents of your outdoor survival kit to see if such items are included.  If not, purchase this item to supplement your current outdoor survival kit.  Learn how to use the specific products that you have available.  Follow the directions carefully for any chemicals to purify your water.  The water is safe to drink using such methods, but know that the taste does not improve.

To improve the taste of your drinking water, it is a good idea to combine filterring and purification methods for the best taste.

A combination of these methods can make the water safe and improve the taste.  It is crucial to locate water and make it healthy for consumption in an outdoor survival situation.  Use what items you have with you, as well as, the items found in nature.

Begin with the water that appears the clearest.  Moving surface water is always the first choice whenever available.  Stagnant water is the least favorable for survival.  Water that is not moving and shows no sign of life is a warning to you.  Stay away from such water whenever it is possible.

Safe, pure water is key to survival.  Dehydration is a real concern in an outdoor survival situation.  Use purification methods to ensure your good health during outdoor survival situations.  Staying hydrated with clean drinking water can allow you to survive for a significant period of time in the wilderness.
See you on the trail,
--Greg  

1000+ Military Survival Manuals Click Here!

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Monday, February 20, 2012

Edible Plants- A Valuable Outdoor Survival Skill To Learn

Edible Plants- A Valuable Outdoor Survival Skill To Learn


It is important to find something to eat if you find yourself in an outdoor survival emergency situation.  Edible plants may be a great option for you to get some nourishment.  You must be cautious when trying a new plant to eat, because even if the plant is considered to be edible, it may invoke a serious allergic reaction for some people.

Research plants before you begin tasting them.  Don't eat something if you are unsure about its safety.  Consider experimenting with edible plants on a day hike.  If an unforeseen reaction does occur, you will be close to help.  This is especially true for individuals who are prone to allergic reactions.

You should begin by understanding the edible parts of the plant.  Roots, stems, leaves, buds, seeds, and flowers are all valuable parts of some plants.  Be aware that some portions of a Plant may be edible while others are not.

Out in the wilderness, you may not know for certain the specifics about the types of plants that are around you.  You can begin to learn about the plants by studying the plant.  How does the plant smell, for instance?  Is there a negative reaction by touching the plant?  Place a piece of the plant on your wrist.  Generally, if you do not experience a skin reaction within 15 minutes, you are probably safe.  Do be aware that skin reactions are possible after this time, but this is usually a good rule of thumb.

Once you have decided to try a portion of the plant, prepare it in the manner you intend to eat it.  Do not start popping dinner into your mouth and swallowing.  This can be very dangerous.

First, place the prepared plant on the outside of your lip.  See if you have a reaction to the plant in 5 to 15 minutes.  If no reaction occurs, place a tiny bit on your tongue and hold it in your mouth for a brief period of time before spitting it out.  You may go ahead and chew it for a moment, but do not swallow it.  Wait another 15 minutes or so to determine how your body will react to this plant.

It may seem that this is a tedious process, but avoiding a serious or fatal reaction is worth the time and effort.

By this time, you will be able to determine if you want to consume this plant.  Don't naturally assume that just because one part of the plant is edible that all parts of the plant are safe.  Repeat this procedure for each part of the plant before determining if it is edible and crucial to your survival.

Do keep in mind that humans can survive for weeks without food.  Edible plants may help to provide healthy nourishment in a survival situation, but do not eat whatever is around in haste.  Grabbing the wrong plant can bring you plenty of trouble.  Poisonous plants can cause mild to serious reactions.  Some plants may be hallucinogen us or cause a fatal reaction.  Always take the time to experiment with each part of any new plant to maintain excellent health.

See you on the trail,
--Greg  

1000+ Military Survival Manuals Click Here!

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Tuesday, February 14, 2012

Signaling For Help Is A Crucial Survival Skill That Takes Practice

Signaling For Help Is A Crucial Survival Skill That Takes Practice

Let's hope you never need to signal for help in an emergency, but if the situation should arise, you want to know that you can do it effectively.  You should practice signaling for help before you are stuck out in the wild alone.

It is a great idea to keep with you, at all times, A cell phone or two-way radio for communication whenever possible.  There are times when these items will not work.  In these situations, you should have a whistle handy to alert others to your location.  Blowing a whistle makes a lot of noisy racket that will undoubtedly get the attention of someone in the area.  Make sure a whistle is in your survival kit.

If these forms of signaling do not  work, you must use visual signals to attract others to you.  A strobe light can be a great way to get attention.  Even a flashlight can be used in an emergency.  Flares and smoke signals can bring the help to you quickly.  You can even try your hand at using a signal mirror.

The key to visual signals for help is location, select the site wisely.  It can make the difference between survival and death.

Signaling is best when performed near your shelter in an area of clearing.  Try an open field, lakeshore, or hilltop.  The area must have high visibility for good results. 

Indicate your distress by using the S.O.S. signal.  This is internationally known to mean someone is in trouble and needs help.  Signal this to others by creating three short signals, followed by three long signals, then three short signals.  

Signal for help during the day with mirrors or by using rocks and logs.  Make the area visible by air and by ground.  Spell out the word Help, for instance in a clearing with logs.  If the search crew is flying overhead, this will certainly get their attention, bringing the help to you rapidly.

The search crew will be looking near the planned route for you.  This is why it is important to stay near the planned area whenever possible.  Venturing off looking for help may not be the best plan of action.

By night, your fire may be visible.  Use a strobe light or flashlight to signal for help.  If the three short and long signals are difficult, try signaling the same thing three times in a row.  Repeat this step. 

Make three fires in a row or triangle shape.  This is another international signal for help.  The smoke from the fire is visible for miles during the day and highly visible by night.

Being aware of distress signals and knowing how to use flares or mirrors can send help in your direction when you need it.  Practice these outdoor survival skills before an emergency arrives to allow the best results in the event of a survival situation.  Hand mirrors for signaling, for example, are Not the easiest gadgets to master.  Pair up with a friend and see if the two of you can send signals to each other using the mirrors.  This activity is fun and practices a survival skill, too.

Letting someone know you are in trouble is the best way to get help.  Fire, flares, and S.O.S. signals are excellent ways to let others know you are in distress.  Mirrors and other signaling techniques take practice.  Try your hand at the skill before you are in a survival situation.

See you on the trail,
 --Greg  

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Wednesday, February 8, 2012

How To Make A Fire For Outdoor Survival

How To Make A Fire For Outdoor Survival

Survival in the wilderness can be tough.  But know that it is possible.  One of the first lessons to survival is learning how to make a fire under most any conditions.  Creating a fire can make the difference between life and death in many outdoor survival situations, for this reason, it is a good skill to master.

Making a fire is extremely important for a number of reasons.  Fire is important to keep flying insects and dangerous animals away.  Cooking, purifying water, and bandage sterilization is possible with a fire.  It is also a tool for signaling help in a survival situation out in the wilderness.

To make a fire, you must have three things:  air, heat, and fuel.  Without these three components, fire is not possible and the rate of survival, in many instances, is decreased.

First, begin making a fire by selecting the best location.  It depends what you are planning to do with the fire, to determine the best location.  Keep your fire near your shelter for convenience.  Also, in signaling    situations, you will want your fire to be highly visible.  Choose the area wisely before you begin the process of making a fire.

A campfire must start with small pieces of wood and then progress to larger timbers.  Avoid collecting wood directly from the earth because it is probably damp.  Damp wood will not work well to start a fire.  Your efforts will be futile.

To begin a fire, you will need tender.  Tender is absolutely dry material that requires only a spark to ignite.  Paper, if you have some available, will work well.  Dry leaves, bark, and grass also make great tender to start a fire.

Once you get the fire started, progress from the tender to kindling.  Kindling is dry sticks and twigs that are readily combustible.  When placed on a small flame, kindling should start burning quickly and easily.

Once the fire has begun burning, you can begin adding larger pieces of wood to the area.  The fire can continue to burn well with proper maintenance and attention.

Your outdoor survival kit should include items to start the fire such as tender, a candle, and waterproof matches.  A flint striker is another method to make a fire.  This method provides a spark that will get the flame to burn. 

The finer and drier the tender, the easier it is to start the fire.  Fluff the tender well to simplify the fire making process.  If the outdoor survival kit doesn't have tender, use your knife to cut and chop dry sticks and bark to create tender.  Remember the smaller the pieces the better.  Place the flint striker at the tender and strike to create sparks.  The sparks should make the tender catch fire.  Sheltering the fire area from the wind when first making the sparks can be helpful.

Practice using these survival skills before an emergency to best be prepared.  Making a fire is extremely important to survival.  Learning the skill to making a fire will be extremely beneficial if you are ever placed in an outdoor survival situation.

See you on the trail,
--Greg  

1000+ Military Survival Manuals Click Here!

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